Iceland, dressed in winter white, peaked through a hole in a complex system of clouds in late February, 2015. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard NASA's Terra satellite captured this true-color image on February 21 as it passed over the region.

Ice and snow covers Iceland almost entirely, except for coastal regions in the southwest and southeast.

The extensive, roughly H-shaped area in the southeast section of the island is Vatnajökull, Iceland's largest glacier. Hidden underneath the ice lies Bardarbunga, a large subglacial stratovolcano.

On August 31, 2014 the volcano began an eruption at two fissures to the north of the glacier and deposited a lava field that measured about 131 feet (40 meters) at its thickest points, and covered an area about 33 sq. mi (85 sq. km) by the time the eruption ended on February 27, 2015.

The massive lava flow left its mark on Iceland - the cooled lava can be seen as the roughly oval black area to the north of the Vatnajökull glacier. Credit: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA GSFC Click to enlarge.

Today's Weather Activity

Welcome to JetStream, the National Weather Service Online Weather School. This site is designed to help educators, emergency managers, or anyone interested in learning about weather and weather safety.

The information contained in JetStream is arranged by subject; beginning with global and large scale weather patterns followed by lessons on air masses, wind patterns, cloud formations, thunderstorms, lightning, hail, damaging winds, tornados, tropical storms, cyclones and flooding. Interspersed in JetStream are "Learning Lessons" which can be used to enhance the educational experience.

You are free to use the materials in any manner you wish. We welcome your feedback on this project. Your input will greatly assist others in teaching the "hows" and "whys" of weather. Not sure where to begin? Click to see all topics in JetStream in the Topic Matrix. Contact Us:

Steven Cooper
Deputy Regional Director, NWS Southern Region Headquarters, Fort Worth, Texas

Dennis Cain
a.k.a. "Professor Weather", NWS Fort Worth, Texas